Officials Move to Punish Florida Corporate Workers’ Compensation Fraudster

A construction company owner faces up to 60 years in prison for allegedly under-reporting payroll to trim his company’s workers’ compensation premium payments, which is considered fraud.

Carlos Contreras, who owned  DJC Builders & Construction, allegedly avoided over $1 million in premiums because he lied about the number of employees in his company. According to court documents, Mr. Contreras filed papers that indicated that his payroll was under $275,000 a year. But investigators determined, largely by looking at records of various check cashing establishments in Florida, that DJC’s payroll was closer to $13 million a year. The Florida Department of Financial Services worked with several other agencies to gather evidence for the indictment.

“When companies lie to obtain cheaper, inadequate workers’ compensation policies, staff or property owners are left vulnerable to covering sky-high medical costs if a worker gets injured on the job, and free markets are disrupted by scammers who can underbid their legitimate competitors,” remarked Florida’s Chief Financial Officer Jimmy Patronis.

Why Is Employer Fraud Common In Florida?

Workers’ compensation employee fraud cases nearly always dominate the headlines, especially if the story involves a staged injury claim, fraudulent paperwork, or other behavior that’s clearly morally and legally wrong. But, mostly because it happens on a much larger scale, widespread cases of employer fraud cost the system much more than isolated instances of worker fraud.

Even though Florida is one of the few states that aggressively prosecutes employer fraud cases, the temptation to ignore the law is simply too great in many cases. Most employers know that, even if they are caught, the penalty is normally a rather small fine that may barely exceed the amount of money that the company illegally saved. The possible prison sentence mentioned in the above story is one of the rare exceptions. In other words, weak laws hamper diligent investigators, creating a fertile environment for schemes like:

  • Worker Misclassification: Workers’ compensation is available only for regular employees, and so insurance companies largely use a company’s number of employees to determine premium payments. So, some companies classify their workers as “independent contractors” or other labels to avoid paying higher premiums than they should pay.
  • Illegal Payments: Risk is the other element that often determines premium payments, so to artificially decrease their risk, some companies offer to pay injured workers’ medical bills under the table if they do not file workers’ comp claims. These workers are hurt not only because of the lower premiums but also because when the employer backs off this promise, it is usually too late to file a claim.
  • Job Misclassification: One other element of risk involves the workers’ job duties. For example, at a construction company, a roofer is obviously at greater risk for serious injury than an office clerk. So, some bosses place most of their workers in low-risk classifications, even if they are actually performing hazardous tasks.

These scams, and others like them, drain money from the system, so there is less available to pay compensation to injured workers. The situation is even more acute because, as the Florida Supreme Court recently observed, Florida’s workers’ compensation bureaucracy has become very bloated over the years, so much more of the money that does come in goes to administrative and program costs as opposed to worker benefits.

What St. Petersburg Workers’ Compensation Covers

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Since there is less money available, insurance company lawyers are more determined than ever to deny fair compensation to work injury victims. Moreover, even if the insurance company agrees to settle the case, the settlement may be for pennies on the dollar. To get a fair-sized piece of an ever-shrinking pie, an aggressive St. Petersburg workers’ compensation attorney is no longer a luxury, but a necessity.

To make up for the fact that injured workers normally cannot file damage claims in court, workers’ compensation is no-fault insurance which pays economic losses for:

  • Trauma Injuries: Falls are the most common workplace trauma injuries. It could be a fall from a height or a slip-and-fall. Motor vehicle collisions, especially at noisy construction sites, are very common as well. Assaults affect many workers as well, largely because management either does not properly screen employees or does not properly supervise them.
  • Occupational Disease: Hearing loss is the most prominent example of occupational disease, a category which also includes repetitive stress injury, respiratory problems, joint injuries, and other such maladies that occur over the course of more than one shift.

Even if the victim had a pre-existing condition, such as a bad knee or non-work hearing loss, that’s exacerbated by a workplace injury, the victim may be entitled to full compensation.

Remedies Available To Injured St. Petersburg Workers

Workers’ compensation pays both lost wages and medical bills. The former includes both regular and irregular compensation. Furthermore, in some cases, salary increases may be relevant. For example, if a professional football player is injured in training camp, he should be compensated at a much higher level once the regular season begins and his pay increases substantially. The latter category includes both emergency care and other reasonable and necessary medical expenses, such as physical rehabilitation.

In some cases, injured workers may be able to go outside the workers’ compensation system and obtain additional compensation. Some examples include:

  • A defective product;
  • Negligent co-worker; or
  • Extreme recklessness (e.g., the employer sends workers onto a job site which it knows to be dangerous).

This additional compensation is usually money for noneconomic damages, such as pain and suffering or loss of enjoyment in life. Punitive damages may be available as well, in some situations.

Count On Aggressive Workers’ Compensation Attorneys

Injured Florida workers are usually entitled to no-fault insurance benefits. For a free consultation with an experienced workers’ compensation lawyer in St. Petersburg, contact Burnetti,, because you have a limited amount of time to act.